Beutiful dog breedsMexico City is home to plenty of pampered pooches who live with loving owners. However, the city also has a huge stray dog population which should be taken into account in a description of its most popular dog breeds. Furthermore, there are dog breeds that have their roots in Mexico, even though their descendants reside all over the world nowadays. All of these dog breeds, though they have differing origins and experiences, help to enrich modern-day Mexican culture.


The first thing to note is that the average sized home in Mexico City is relatively small, which makes small dogs more popular as pets in modern times. Indeed, Golden Retrievers and German Shepherds are a fairly rare sight parading around on a leash in Mexico. If you wish to find a beautiful Golden Retriever in South America just Google “venta de golden retriever en bogota“.


The vast majority of dogs in Mexico are mutts because street dogs intermix and then are rescued and become pets. So purebred dogs are much rarer in Mexico than in the United States say. Of course, even mixed-breed dogs are adopted based on the preference of smaller sizes, which are more suited towards city-dwelling.

Shih Tzu:

Kloof is an app that allows people to share photos of their pets from all over the world. The app recently used its data to deduce the most popularly owned dog breed in each country. According to Kloof, the Shih Tzu is Mexico’s most popular choice of dog breed. This breed seems a surprising choice, as the Shih Tzu breed originated in China. In fact, it is nicknamed The Chinese Lion Dog. The breed definitely meets the “small dog” requirement though; the average Shih Tzu weighs only 10 to 19 pounds, making them the ideal dog for cramped quarters and city living.

Street Dogs:

Mexico has a huge street dog population. In fact, there are areas where the stray dogs outnumber the human population. These dogs suffer from a variety of afflictions as a result of their lack of care and poor living conditions. As a result, several rescue operations have started up in Mexico City in the last couple decades. Hundreds of mutts have been rescued and/or sterilized to help try to reduce the street dog population. Also, hundreds of people have enriched their lives with tail-wagging companions. Other popular dog breeds in Mexico are the Siberian Huskys so if you wish to search for this dog in South America just type “venta de husky siberiano en bogota“.

Traditional Mexican Breeds:

There are several dog breeds that have their origins in Mexico. These breeds are what people typically think of as a Mexican dog, unlike a Shih Tzu that is.


The Chihuahua is the stereotypical Mexican dog due to a series of fast food commercials and movies featuring Chihuahua’s with Spanish accents. The stereotype rings true, as this teeny, tiny breed did originate in Mexico and is named after the state of Chihuahua. They are 4 to 6 pounds and make long-living companions with a lifespan of 15 to 20 years.


The Xoloitzcuintli is generally referred to as the Xolo or simply the Mexican Hairless Dog. Xolos are one of the rarest and oldest breeds in the world, as they have been around in essentially the same form for about 3,500 years. The Chihuahua might be Mexico’s poster dog, but it doesn’t get much more traditional than the Mexican Hairless.